Information about gynecomastia surgery cost in Bangalore
Gynecomastia is the growth of mammary gland tissue in men either through hypertrophy (enlargement of cells) or hyperplasia (increase in the number of cells). True gynecomastia involves breast emergence due to the growth of glandular cells, and these cells are typically trapped in combination with adipose tissue. An enlarged male breast due to obesity is called pseudo gynecomastia or lipomastia.
Gynecomastia is believed to be caused by an imbalance between estrogen hormones (female) and androgen hormones (male). Gynecomastia can be caused by hormonally unbalanced genetic conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome, which disrupts testosterone production. Breast growth in the male breast has also been associated with certain medications, such as those used in androgen deprivation therapy in prostate cancer patients, and anabolic steroids. Gynecomastia can occur on one side (one breast) or on both sides (both breasts) and can be characterized by sensitivity.
Gynecomastia has three peaks during which it typically develops in infancy, adolescence and in men over 50 due to normal changes in hormone levels. Newborn males develop breast growth due to exposure to maternal hormones across the placenta, and half or more male adolescents develop breast growth due to natural hormonal imbalances that can occur due to puberty. The condition usually disappears in infants and adolescents within 6 months to two years, but can be psychologically stressful, which leads to low self-esteem and shame for those affected.
Hormone disorders can also be caused by other factors. Diseases such as Klinefelter syndrome and pituitary insufficiency that affect testosterone production can cause gynecomastia. The drop in testosterone levels due to normal aging can also be a factor and cause gynecomastia, which usually occurs in men aged 60 to 80 years. Malnutrition can also lead to low testosterone levels. More serious causes of the type of hormonal imbalance that cause gynecomastia are endocrine tumors, including testicular cancer, pituitary tumors, and adrenal cortex tumors (cancer growth around the periphery of the adrenal glands), hyperthyroidism, kidney failure, and liver failure.
Gynecomastia can be treated with hormone therapy. In patients who have had the disease for more than a year, surgery is usually required due to the formation of scar tissue. As long as breast development and weight have stabilized, the breast reduction done by a plastic surgeon in men is permanent in most cases.
Gynecomastia can be a side effect of serious diseases like testicular cancer. Please see a doctor if you think you have this condition.
Ethan Startzman is an internet author who is passionate about collecting information and presenting it in simple English. Learn more about gynecomastia surgery